Origin of coffee 2
Mis à jour : 6 janv. 2020
The origin of the coffee plant may be traced back from a million years ago. In fact, the accurate age of its discovery is unknown. It is said that coffee is from Ethiopian.
It is said that Coffee is used for drinking from the early eleventh century. And it can be proved in ancient Arabic literature. Before that, people in the Arab region dried the coffee beans and then drank them as stomach medicine after fried or boiled. but later they learned that the coffee also had a refreshing effect. Coupled with the strict rules of Islam that prohibiting the believers from drinking, The coffee juice from baking and boiling was used as an excitatory drink to replace the alcohol. It is said that the locals begin to know how to bake raw beans for use, which is after the thirteenth century.
In the 16th century, coffee was gradually introduced to Europe via the port of Venice and Marseille in the name of the Arab wine. The coffee drink in Europe was gradually spread in the 17th century by the Italian merchants of Venice in various places. The first coffee shop in Europe "Bottega del Caffe" started in Venice. For four hundred years, the drinking habits of coffee have not only spread from the West to the East but also have even become an irresistible trend.
In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, coffee was widely planted by the Arabs. In the 16th century, Damascus (1530) in the Middle East gave birth to the world's first coffee shop. In just a few years, from ancient Constantinople to the Caucasus, from the Persian Gulf to Budapest, and numbers of coffee shops showed in more than two hundred cities in the entire empire. And along the roads connecting these cities through the desert wilderness, there is also a movable coffee tent, serving the numerous business travelers and military. In the same century, coffee was also spread to Europe. At that time, coffee was taken to the Western countries with the Turks in the west, and it was not expected that the hearts of Europeans would soon be captured by it. According to records, a package of samples sent from Venice to the Netherlands in 1596 was the first coffee bean ever seen by Europeans of the north of the Alps. There was a story: because coffee was very rare in Western Europe at the time, there was a joke that German housewives used chicken soup to make coffee. According to scholars' speculation, in the import and export trade of seasoning raw materials that flourished at the end of the 16th century, many coffee beans from the east began to enter the European Union through the economically developed Venetian source.
However, the first coffee shop in Europe was not opened until 1867 in Vienna, Austria, by a Polish. The businessman who speaks Eastern European and Turkish languages, led by the exquisite Armenian businessman Johannes Diodato, not only serves as a translator and guide for Austria during the war but also engages in an amazing coffee trade on both sides of the war line. While satisfying the needs of their own coffee shops, they also solved the urgent need for raw materials shortage for the coffee gatherings of many aristocrats and wealthy family salons and won the preference of the upper class. A few years later, the coffee industry, which is seen everywhere in the streets. It is growing rapidly. These cafes are mostly opened by his fellow villagers or Turks from other parts of the Ottoman Empire. They naturally have a strong Middle Eastern flavor. From the narrow shops located in the corner of the street, it floats out of the smell of coffee. you can also see the long bench against the wall in the coffee shop in Istanbul. The coffee stove is open for the wood. The guests inside are mostly from the nearby market vendors, Craftsmen who make a living in a foreign land.
A purely European-style café that was familiar, or imaginatively elegant, comfortable, and has an open social salon atmosphere, appeared for about fifty years later. Until the era of enlightenment, when the general consciousness of citizens is awakened. Coffee Board the center stage of life in Vienna and other western cities.
Strictly speaking, it was only a small simple coffee shop. At that time, people in the middle and upper classes were still immersed in the closed private coffee circle in their own homes. The liberal bourgeoisie, who was keen on the initial economic success, has not yet become a force for social and political society.